In this case, the Supreme Court determined for the first time that a high school student who was allegedly subjected to sexual harassment and abuse could seek monetary damages under Title IX for alleged intentional gender-based discrimination. The case involved a high school girl who claimed a coach at her school was persistently harassing her, including at one point forcing her to have intercourse with him. The girl claimed that school officials knew about the harassment but made no efforts to stop it. Eventually, the girl switched to another school.
The Court said that damages were available for an action brought to enforce Title IX prohibiting exclusion from participation in, denial of benefits of, or discrimination under any education program or activity receiving Federal financial assistance, since there was no indication in text or history of statute that Congress intended to limit available remedies. In this case, the coach’s action in harassing the girl prevented her from fully participating in educational opportunities at her school, thus violating Title IX.